April 14, 2014

Test Driven Development (TDD)

Test Driven Development (TDD) is one of the core practices of Extreme Programming and a best practice that is becoming common place across the financial industry and beyond. TDD is about writing tests first, before you write the code. In essence the tests drive the code, hence the name. How does it work? TDD is…

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April 8, 2014

Extreme Programming (XP) – An overview

XP is a very popular set of practices and firmly part of the Agile family. XP fits very well within other processes like Scrum. It is a set of values, principles and practices that are used to create excellence from and within the development team. XP differs from Scrum in that Scrum is a framework…

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March 27, 2014

Zachman Grid and when to use it

The Zachman Grid or Framework is useful tool for determining what artefacts to create as part of the Enterprise Architecture work in an organisation. The grid as defined on the Zachman website is given as:   Source: http://www.zachman.com/ea-articles-reference/54-the-zachman-framework-evolution The framework will only ever be a small part of the overall architecture effort as it is just…

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March 10, 2014


Agile is a set of values from which an entire set of software delivery methodologies and practices have been derived. All Agile practices follow the same fundamental principles as set down in the Agile Manifesto and Principles, however, because Agile is flexible to meet the needs of individuals, teams and organisations, each work place implements…

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February 7, 2014

Project Type – Agile or Waterfall

All work in IT is based around projects / products. Projects can be large and run for many years or can be small and run for a few days or weeks. Projects are typically run according to some sort of management methodology. The two methodologies prevalent today across all industries are Waterfall and Agile. Waterfall…

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February 5, 2014


Waterfall is the old school methodology of software development but is still practised by companies throughout the industry. This section will teach you all about waterfall methodology and its shortcomings. The waterfall methodology is so called because of it is a linear approach to development with each step flowing on from the previous one. These…

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February 1, 2014

Dependency Inversion Principle

Definition: One should depend upon abstractions and not concrete instances. Typically in a software application, high level components need to depend on lower level components. If the low level components are ‘hard-coded’ into the high level components this causes two problems. Testability The first problem is testability. It becomes very hard or even impossible to…

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January 27, 2014

Interface Segregation Principle

Definition: Many client specific interfaces are better than one general purpose interface. This principle is fairly straight forward in that it is really just saying keep your interfaces to a specific role, keep them small and concise. Reason: This enables code concrete classes to not have to implement every single method regardless of whether they…

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January 20, 2014

Liskov substitution principle

Definition: Objects in an application should be replaceable with instances of their subtypes without altering the correctness of that program. To understand the Liskov principle is useful to understand the concepts of Contravariance and Covariance. Contravariance Contravariance is the conversion of a class from its sub class to a class higher up the hierarchy. An…

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January 16, 2014

Open / Closed Principle

Definition: An object should be open for extension but closed for modification. This principle states that code should only be modified to fix bugs and errors, and to extend the functionality a new class should be used. Typically the new class would be a derived class to enable code re-use from the original or a…

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